Glossary

A
Agricultural Worker
The percent of a facility's patients who are seasonal or migratory agricultural workers. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 4, Line 16, Column a.)
Asthma
The percent of a facility's patients who have asthma. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 6A, Line 5, Column b.)
Auxiliary IRS Form 990
An IRS Form 990 (as defined below) filed by a tax-exempt auxiliary organization associated with a hospital. Auxiliary IRS Form 990s are provided to SCHealthData under license from GuideStar, "the leading source of nonprofit information, www.guidestar.org."
Available Bed Days
The total amount of bed days available (whether occupied or not occupied) during a given time period.
Average Visits per Nurse Practitioner
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a nurse practitioner or other care provider. This measure is the average number of visits per nurse practitioner only. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 9a, Columns a and b.)
Average Visits per Physician
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a physician or other care provider. This measure is the average number of visits per physician only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 8, Columns a and b.)
Average Visits per Physician Assistant
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a physician assistant or other care provider. This measure is the average number of visits per physician assistant only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 9b, Columns a and b.)
Average Visits per Primary Care Provider
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a primary care provider (physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) or other care provider. This measure is the average number of visits per primary care provider only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Lines 8, 9a, and 9b, Columns a and b.)
B
Bed Days
The product of the number of beds in a hospital multiplied by the number of days for a time period, such as a fiscal year.
Beds
The number of beds in a hospital available for treating patients.
C
Charitable Hospital
A hospital operated by a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt charitable organization
Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA)
Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), charitable hospitals must conduct a Community Health Needs Assessment once every three years, implement a plan to address the needs and make the information available to the public. These assessments allow hospitals to partner with government agencies, organizations and other stakeholders to identify and address unmet community health needs.
Cost per Medical Visit
The average cost incurred by an FQHC per medical visit during the calendar year. This measure is calculated by dividing all costs related to medical visits by the number of medical visits. A facility that treats a complex patient population (like an HIV+ population) may have higher costs. (See UDS Table 5, Line 15, Column b and UDS Table 8A, Line 4, Column c.)
Cost per Patient
A facility's average cost per patient seen during the calendar year. This measure factors in all costs a facility takes on, such as overhead costs. A facility that offers additional services (such as pharmacy services) may have higher costs. Likewise, a facility that treats a complex patient population (like an HIV+ population) may have higher costs. (See UDS, Table 8A, Line 17, Column C and UDS Table 4, Line 6, Column a.)
Cost per Visit
The average cost incurred by an FQHC per visit during the calendar year. This measure factors in all costs a facility takes on, such as overhead costs, and all types of visits, such as visits to a case worker. A facility that offers additional services (such as pharmacy services) may have higher costs. Likewise, a facility that treats a complex patient population (like an HIV+ population) may have higher costs. (See UDS Table 5, Line 34, Column b and UDS Table 8A, Line 17, Column c.)
Cost Report (FQHC)
A form filed by FQHCs annually with the South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. The form contains information on costs, employee productivitity, and other variables.
Cost Report (Hospital)
A voluminous document filed by hospitals with the government, including the state of South Carolina, each year. The report contains information on a hospital's general characteristics, its finances and where it is making or losing money. The SC Medicaid Program requires the use of the Medicare 2552-10 cost report.
D
Designation
Hospitals are designated as either rural or urban as defined by the South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (SCDHHS).
Diabetes
The percent of a facility's patients who have diabetes. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 6A, Line 9, Column b.)
F
Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC)
A health center that has met certain criteria (including serving an underserved area of population and offering a sliding fee scale) established by the federal government. These centers receive special grant funding from the federal government and special reimbursement through Medicaid and Medicare.
Five-year Financial/Statistical Summary
A summary of five consecutive years of hospital activity that includes key measures of hospital financial and statistical performance.
Five-year Profit/Loss
The amount of profit or loss by a hospital over a five-year period.
For-profit Hospital
A hospital that is not a non-profit, county, or district hospital.
Foundation IRS Form 990
An IRS Form 990 (as defined below) filed by a foundation associated with a hospital. Foundation IRS Form 990s are provided to SCHealthData under license from GuideStar, "the leading source of nonprofit information, www.guidestar.org."
H
Healthy Outcomes Plans
Community-based plans to reduce per capita costs and improve health outcomes in South Carolina by identifying and investing in hotspots of poor health. All South Carolina-Medicaid designated hospitals have submitted plans targeting more than 8,500 chronically-ill, uninsured high utilizers of emergency department services. These 46 plans submitted by the hospitals in coordination with clinics and primary care safety net providers will become models of ideas and best practices that can improve the coordination of care for the state's most at-risk populations, lower health care costs and further the development of a high-performing, replicable system of care. Hospitals may have made updates to their Healthy Outcomes Plans that are not reflected in the files posted on this website.
HIV
The percent of a facility's patients who have HIV. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 6A, Lines 1 and 2, Column b.)
Homeless
The percent of a facility's patients who are homeless. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 4, Line 23, Column a.)
Hypertension
The percent of a facility's patients who have hypertension. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 6A, Line 11, Column b.)
I
IRS Form 990
A form filed annually with the Internal Revenue Service by federally tax-exempt organizations, including charitable hospitals. The form provides information on the organization, including its finances and programs. Hospital IRS Form 990s are provided to SCHealthData under license from GuideStar, "the leading source of nonprofit information, www.guidestar.org"
M
Medicaid Bed Days
Occupied bed days for patients on Medicaid.
Medicaid Bed Days (percent)
The percentage of occupied bed days that are Medicaid bed days.
Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payment
Payment hospitals receive from Medicaid to offset the unreimbursed cost of treating low-income patients who do not pay the full amount of their inpatient or outpatient hospital bill. The Medicaid DSH payments displayed are based on the federal fiscal year. Hospitals may also receive Medicare DSH payments. However, these payments are not displayed on this website.
Medicaid Occupancy Rate
See Medicaid Bed Days.
Medicaid/CHIP Patients
The percent of a facility's patients who are enrolled in Medicaid. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS Table 4, Line 8, Columns a and b.)
Medicare
The federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD).
Medicare Bed Days
Occupied bed days for patients on Medicare.
Medicare Bed Days (percent)
The percentage of occupied bed days that are Medicare bed days.
Medicare Patients
The percent of a facility's patients who are enrolled in Medicare. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS Table 4, Line 9, Columns a and b.)
N
Nurse Practitioner Visits
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a nurse practitioner or other care provider. This measure is the total number of visits per nurse practitioner only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 9a, Column b.)
O
Occupancy Rate
A measure used to determine what percentage of beds are being utilized for a given time period. The rate can be calculated by dividing the number of occupied bed days by available bed days.
Occupied Bed Days
Bed days for which the bed was occupied.
Other Payor Bed Days
Occupied bed days for patients not on Medicaid or Medicare.
Other Payor Bed Days (percent)
The percentage of occupied bed days that are other payor bed days.
Outpatient
A patient who receives treatment at a hospital not needing an overnight stay.
Overhead as a Percent of Total Cost
This measure shows how much a facility spent on overhead costs as a percent of total costs during the calendar year. This measure does not classify enabling services (such as outreach, community education, and interpretation services) as overhead. (See UDS Table 8A, Line 16, Column a and UDS Table 8A, Line 17, Column c.)
P
Patients Below 100% of Poverty
The percent of a facility's patients whose income puts them below the federal poverty line. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS Table 4, Line 1, Column a.)
Patients Served
The total number of patients served by a facility in a calendar year. (See UDS Table 4, Line 6, Column a.)
Physician Assistant Visits
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a physician assistant or other care provider. This measure is the total number of visits to physician assistants only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 9b, Column b.)
Physician Visits
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a physician or other care provider. This measure is the number of visits to physicians only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 8, Column b.)
Primary Care Provider Visits
When patients visit an FQHC, they may be seen by a primary care provider or other care provider. This measure is the number of visits to primary care providers (physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) only. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 5, Lines 8, 9a, and 9b, Column b.)
Profit/Loss (FQHC)
Total revenue minus total costs during a calendar year. This figure may be affected by special one-time grant funds. (See UDS, Table 8A, Line 17, Column C and UDS, Table 9D, Line 14, Column B.)
Profit/Loss (Hospital)
How much profit, or loss, a hospital has had during a given hospital fiscal year. The sources of this profit or loss can come from a combination of multiple sources, such as hospital and non-hospital related patient care and other income generated by the hospital including investments.
Profit/Loss Based on Patient Services
Profit or loss hospitals make based on providing care to patients. This care could include hospital and non-hospital patient care related services such as skilled nursing facilities, rural health clinics, home health agencies, etc.
Profit/Loss Based on Patient Services and Other Income
A combined measure of the profit or loss hospitals make based on providing care to patients and profit made through other means, such as investments or parking and laundry for non-patients. Patient services could include hospital and non-hospital patient care related services such as skilled nursing facilities, rural health clinics, home health agencies, etc.
R
Revenue from BPHC Grants
Revenue a facility receives from the federal government's Bureau of Primary Health Care grants during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9E, Line 1, Column a.)
Revenue from Medicaid
Revenue a facility receives from Medicaid during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9D, Line 3, Column b.)
Revenue from Medicare
Revenue a facility receives from treating Medicare beneficiaries during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9D, Line 6, Column b.)
Revenue from Non-federal Grants or Contracts
Revenue a facility receives from non-federal grants or contracts (such as grants from state governments or private foundations) during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9E, Line 9, Column a.)
Revenue from Other Federal Grants
Revenue a facility receives from federal grant funding (such as Ryan White grants) during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9E, Line 5, Column a.)
Revenue from Other Public Payers
Revenue a facility receives from state and local governments through programs other than indigent care programs during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9E, Line 1, Column a, and UDS, Table 9D, Line 9, Column b.)
Revenue from Other Sources
Revenue a facility receives from other miscellaneous sources during the calendar year. This can include rental income, pharmacy income, and other types of income. (See UDS, Table 9E, Line 10, Column a.)
Revenue from Patient Payments
Revenue a facility receives from patient payments during the calendar year. This can include payments from self-pay patients and copays from patients with insurance coverage. (See UDS, Table 9D, Line 13, Column b.)
Revenue from Private Insurance
Revenue a facility receives from patients with private insurance (such as employer-sponsored insurance) during the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 9D, Line 12, Column b.)
S
School-based
The percent of a facility's patients who received care at a school-based facility. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 4, Line 24, Column a.)
SEC Form 10-K
Audited document required by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and sent to a public company's or mutual fund's shareholders at the end of each fiscal year, reporting the financial results for the year (including the balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement and description of company operations) and commenting on the outlook for the future.
Sliding Fee Scale
FQHCs are required to have a schedule of fees and discounts for the services they provide to uninsured patients.
South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (SCDHHS)
The state agency that administers South Carolina's Healthy Connections Medicaid program.
South Carolina Healthy Connections (Medicaid)
South Carolina's Medical Assistance Plan for low-income and needy people. It covers children, the aged, blind, and/or disabled and other people who are eligible to receive federally assisted income maintenance payments. The program is funded jointly by the state and federal governments. This is a separate program from Medicare. Individuals can qualify for both Medicaid and Medicare.
T
Teaching Facility
A hospital that provides education and training to current and future doctors and other health care workers.
Total Cost
The total costs incurred by a facility in the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 8A, Line 17, Column C.)
Total Revenue (FQHC)
Revenue a facility garners from all sources during the calendar year. This figure may be affected by special one-time grant funds. (See UDS, Table 9D, Line 14, Column b and UDS, Table 9E, Line 11, Column a.)
Total Revenue (Hospital)
Revenue a hospital garners from all sources, such as patient services, investments, parking and laundry services.
Total Visits
The total number of visits to a facility during the calendar year, whether handled by a primary care provider or other staffer, such as a dentist, a mental health professional, or a case manager. (See UDS, Table 5, Line 34, Column b.)
U
UDS Database
The Uniform Data System (UDS) contains information on the operation and performance of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and FQHC look-alikes. The UDS is maintained by the Human Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The UDS tracks information such as patient demographics, services provided, staffing, clinical indicators utilization rates costs and revenues. Years refer to calendar years in the database.
Uninsured Patients
The percent of a facility's patients who are uninsured. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS Table 4, Line 7, Columns a and b.)
V
Veterans
The percent of a facility's patients who are veterans. This is based on the calendar year. (See UDS, Table 4, Line 25, Column a.)
Y
Year
On schealthdata.org, years may refer to calendar years, hospital-specific fiscal years, state fiscal years, or federal fiscal years, depending on the selected filing or measure.